animals and humans Biological of similarity other

Although individuals and creatures (technically "non-human animals") might look various, at a physiological and anatomical stage they are extremely similar. Animals, from rodents to monkeys, have the exact same organs (heart, lungs, brain etc.) and organ techniques (respiratory, cardiovascular, anxious systems etc.) which conduct the exact same functions in very quite similar way. The similarity implies that almost 90% of the professional medications that are used to address animals are just like, or much like, those developed to deal with individual patients. There are minor differences, but they are far outweighed by the similarities. The variations will give essential hints about conditions and how they could be treated – for example, if we knew why the mouse with muscular dystrophy suffers less muscle wasting than human patients, this could cause a treatment for this debilitating and fatal disorder.

We share around 99% of our DNA with rodents (1), and moreover, we could use "knockout" rodents to work through what effect individual human genes have in our body. We do this by "turning off" among the genes in a mouse, popular to an individual, and seeing what influence it's on the mouse. By recreating human genetic diseases this way we could start to look for treatments.

Just for over a century the Nobel prize has been given every year in recognition of the world's greatest medical advances. Of the 108 Nobel Rewards given for Physiology or Medicine, 96 were straight dependent on animal research. Pet study underpinned the 1st Nobel Reward to be awarded for Physiology or Medicine to Emil von Behring in 1901 for building serum therapy against diphtheria, since it did the most up-to-date awarded in 2016.

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